I know the canned Reformed answer to "How were Old Testament saints judged?" is by their "forward-looking faith", but I'm having a hard time understanding what that means. Until Jesus spelled it out for the Jews, messianic prophecies were almost (and still are today) completely political things to them. Are we saying that, unless the Jews understood the insufficiency of their animal sacrifices and believed the messiah would be killed and raised for their sins, they would perish? If that's the case, it seems to me that a staggering majority of Israel would have nver seen salvation. What sinner, unless illuminated by God directly, would be able to understand these things? Can someone break down the composition and specifics of "forward-looking faith" to me?