Anger, murder and the sermon on the mount

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arapahoepark

Puritan Board Graduate
I was reading Mark Strauss' Four portraits of Jesus, and in other places regarding the law he seems incoherent and following NCT (its really good otherwise). However, he says where Moses forbade murder now Jesus forbids anger for this 'new salvation age.' Is there some truth to that or still a product of his NCT thinking?
 

Andres

Puritan Board Doctor
I don't think we can place a blanket prohibition on all anger all the time. Righteous indignation is certainly not sinful. With that said, I think it's a rare occasion when we are angry and not sinful. Then again, perhaps that's just me.
 

GloriousBoaz

Puritan Board Freshman
If you think of grace as a higher standard than law i.e. OT "you've heard it said do not commit adultry" NT "but I say unto you if you lust in your heart you've commited adultry, " you can also plug in "do not murder" OT then "if you hate your brother in your heart it is murder" NT as a higher standard. So maybe his thought is correct if instead of saying don't be angry, maybe its better said, do not hate unrighteously or do not hate your christian brother. Just a thought.
 

Jack K

Puritan Board Professor
It best fits Scripture to say that God's law on such moral matters remains the same (the law is based on God's character and God does not change)... but Jesus, as the messianic Chief Prophet, states the law in stronger and starker terms than it had been stated before. Jesus' Sermon on the Mount teaching about anger and lust can be gleaned from the Old Testament, too, if you look closely at the prophets and at wisdom literature. It isn't really a new law, though it does seem to come with new force. And like the prophets who came before him, Jesus challenges the legalistic approach to the law that people in his day (and ours) are often tempted to take.
 

Unoriginalname

Puritan Board Junior
It best fits Scripture to say that God's law on such moral matters remains the same (the law is based on God's character and God does not change)... but Jesus, as the messianic Chief Prophet, states the law in stronger and starker terms than it had been stated before. Jesus' Sermon on the Mount teaching about anger and lust can be gleaned from the Old Testament, too, if you look closely at the prophets and at wisdom literature. It isn't really a new law, though it does seem to come with new force. And like the prophets who came before him, Jesus challenges the legalistic approach to the law that people in his day (and ours) are often tempted to take.
:amen:

What amazes me all the more, is while he was challenging the legalism of the scribes and pharisees, Christ himself possessed the moral perfection that the law demanded.
 

KMK

Administrator
Staff member
Matt 22:34-40 But when the Pharisees had heard that he had put the Sadducees to silence, they were gathered together. *35Then one of them, which was a lawyer, asked him a question, tempting him, and saying, *36Master, which is the great commandment in the law? *37 Jesus said unto him, Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind. *38This is the first and great commandment. *39 And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. *40 On these two commandments hang all the law and the prophets.
Deut 6:5 And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.
Lev 19:18 Thou shalt not avenge, nor bear any grudge against the children of thy people, but thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself: I am the LORD.
God's moral law is the same yesterday, today, and tomorrow.
 

ThyWord IsTruth

Puritan Board Freshman
Deuteronomy 6:5 (AV) And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

Mark 12:30 (AV) And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

Notice that "all thy mind" is added by Jesus. That is a NT addition to the OT command to Love God. It is explained by Christ that it is not just an outward obedience to the law but an inward obedience that is the righteous standard. In other words the inside of the cup must be clean. Therefore making the law of a stricter sense. The hypocritical Pharisees and Sadducees had their external righteousness but inside they were stinking, rotting corpses, dead in their trespasses and sins, just like everyone else.
 

Zach

Puritan Board Junior
Deuteronomy 6:5 (AV) And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

Mark 12:30 (AV) And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

Notice that "all thy mind" is added by Jesus. That is a NT addition to the OT command to Love God. It is explained by Christ that it is not just an outward obedience to the law but an inward obedience that is the righteous standard. In other words the inside of the cup must be clean. Therefore making the law of a stricter sense. The hypocritical Pharisees and Sadducees had their external righteousness but inside they were stinking, rotting corpses, dead in their trespasses and sins, just like everyone else.
Doesn't the command to love the Lord with all of our heart also require inward obedience? Hasn't God always required inward obedience? I don't think Jesus is stating anything new but stating what the law really required in a way that exposed the Pharisees.
 

CuriousNdenver

Puritan Board Sophomore
Doesn't the command to love the Lord with all of our heart also require inward obedience? Hasn't God always required inward obedience? I don't think Jesus is stating anything new but stating what the law really required in a way that exposed the Pharisees.
I have always understood inward obedience to be a part of loving the Lord with all of our hearts. I find this especially clear when reading Deuteronomy, yet also threaded throughout scripture.
 

ThyWord IsTruth

Puritan Board Freshman
Deuteronomy 6:5 (AV) And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might.

Mark 12:30 (AV) And thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind, and with all thy strength: this is the first commandment.

Notice that "all thy mind" is added by Jesus. That is a NT addition to the OT command to Love God. It is explained by Christ that it is not just an outward obedience to the law but an inward obedience that is the righteous standard. In other words the inside of the cup must be clean. Therefore making the law of a stricter sense. The hypocritical Pharisees and Sadducees had their external righteousness but inside they were stinking, rotting corpses, dead in their trespasses and sins, just like everyone else.
Doesn't the command to love the Lord with all of our heart also require inward obedience? Hasn't God always required inward obedience? I don't think Jesus is stating anything new but stating what the law really required in a way that exposed the Pharisees.
(James 1:15 AV)Then when lust hath conceived, it bringeth forth sin: and sin, when it is finished, bringeth forth death.

I may be wrong but I have equated the addition of "love the Lord thy God with all thy mind" as Christ showing that these hypocritical pharisees had an outward show of righteousness but inwardly they were full of the root of sin

Seven times in the sermon on the mount Jesus said "ye have heard that it was said...... But I say unto you......"
Thus showing that the root of sin starts in the mind.
 

KMK

Administrator
Staff member
Seven times in the sermon on the mount Jesus said "ye have heard that it was said...... But I say unto you......"
Thus showing that the root of sin starts in the mind.
I think you might be trying to distinguish too much between 'heart' and 'mind'. You are correct that Jesus was trying to point people to inward worship in addition to outward worship. But this was the case in the OT also.
 

ThyWord IsTruth

Puritan Board Freshman
Seven times in the sermon on the mount Jesus said "ye have heard that it was said...... But I say unto you......"
Thus showing that the root of sin starts in the mind.
I think you might be trying to distinguish too much between 'heart' and 'mind'. You are correct that Jesus was trying to point people to inward worship in addition to outward worship. But this was the case in the OT also.
I just wonder why Christ adds "all thy mind"? There has to be a reason for it. I will consult Henry, Poole and Calvin and see what they have to say.
 
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KMK

Administrator
Staff member
Calvin:

Moses does not add the mind, but mentions only the heart, and the soul, and the strength; and though the present division into four clauses is more full, yet it does not alter the sense. For while Moses intends to teach generally that God ought to be perfectly loved, and that whatever powers belong to men ought to be devoted to this object, he reckoned it enough, after mentioning the soul and the heart, to add the strength, that he might not leave any part of us uninfluenced by the love of God; and we know also that under the word heart the Hebrews sometimes include the mind, “L’entendement;” — “the understanding.” particularly when it is joined to the word soul What is the difference between the mind and the heart, both in this passage and in Matthew, I do not trouble myself to inquire, except that I consider the mind to denote the loftier abode of reason, from which all our thoughts and deliberations flow.
 

Jerusalem Blade

Puritan Board Post-Graduate
I don't think there is a blanket prohibition against anger; note that the portion in bold in Matt 5:22 is omitted from the Critical Text and the modern versions (or doubted in the margins):


Matt 5:22 But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment

Eph 4:26-27 Be ye angry, and sin not: let not the sun go down upon your wrath: Neither give place to the devil
 

ThyWord IsTruth

Puritan Board Freshman
Calvin:

Moses does not add the mind, but mentions only the heart, and the soul, and the strength; and though the present division into four clauses is more full, yet it does not alter the sense. For while Moses intends to teach generally that God ought to be perfectly loved, and that whatever powers belong to men ought to be devoted to this object, he reckoned it enough, after mentioning the soul and the heart, to add the strength, that he might not leave any part of us uninfluenced by the love of God; and we know also that under the word heart the Hebrews sometimes include the mind, “L’entendement;” — “the understanding.” particularly when it is joined to the word soul What is the difference between the mind and the heart, both in this passage and in Matthew, I do not trouble myself to inquire, except that I consider the mind to denote the loftier abode of reason, from which all our thoughts and deliberations flow.
Thank you.
 
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