CSB - "spirit" in Ephesians 2:18

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Taylor

Puritan Board Senior
Greetings, all.

So, the Christian Standard Bible has been pushing a lot of corrections to their translation—all excellent edits to an already excellent translation (e.g., the corrected incomplete sentence in Isa. 64:3). The committee has been very receptive to the public eye. I was even in email correspondence with Dorian Coover-Cox for a bit, in which she graciously asked me to send her any renderings that looked odd or were clearly a typo. Most, maybe all, of these have been fixed in the electronic edition such as Logos and Accordance.

However, there is one rendering that the committee has seemingly yet to be address, and it is found in Eph. 2:18. The HCSB has "Spirit" (capitalized), while the CSB has "spirit" (lowercase). I thought that maybe this could be a deliberate change. However, no other major translation of which I am aware has this rendering. Surely such a unique rendering would require a footnote, yet it has not even been addressed.

I guess what I am asking is this: Is anyone aware of any commentators that take πνεύματι in Eph. 2:18 to be anything but the Holy Spirit? Perhaps our good brother Dr. @iainduguid could help us, even though he is on the Old Testament side of the committee.

Thank you all!
 

iainduguid

Puritan Board Sophomore
Greetings, all.

So, the Christian Standard Bible has been pushing a lot of corrections to their translation—all excellent edits to an already excellent translation (e.g., the corrected incomplete sentence in Isa. 64:3). The committee has been very receptive to the public eye. I was even in email correspondence with Dorian Coover-Cox for a bit, in which she graciously asked me to send her any renderings that looked odd or were clearly a typo. Most, maybe all, of these have been fixed in the electronic edition such as Logos and Accordance.

However, there is one rendering that the committee has seemingly yet to be address, and it is found in Eph. 2:18. The HCSB has "Spirit" (capitalized), while the CSB has "spirit" (lowercase). I thought that maybe this could be a deliberate change. However, no other major translation of which I am aware has this rendering. Surely such a unique rendering would require a footnote, yet it has not even been addressed.

I guess what I am asking is this: Is anyone aware of any commentators that take πνεύματι in Eph. 2:18 to be anything but the Holy Spirit? Perhaps our good brother Dr. @iainduguid could help us, even though he is on the Old Testament side of the committee.

Thank you all!
As you note, I'm not part of the NT committee, so wasn't part of this discussion. It does surprise me a little that there isn't a footnote giving the alternative. I think both are probably defensible. The phrase "in one spirit/Spirit" occurs also in 1 Cor 12:13, where it is clearly Spirit, and Phil 1:27, where most (except NIV) take it as spirit. The cross references for Eph 2:18 cite John 4:34, which may give a hint as to their thinking. But it also cites 1 Cor 12:13, which doesn't really fit as a cross reference with this rendering. I'll send it along to Tom Schreiner for reconsideration this summer.
 

iainduguid

Puritan Board Sophomore
As you note, I'm not part of the NT committee, so wasn't part of this discussion. It does surprise me a little that there isn't a footnote giving the alternative. I think both are probably defensible. The phrase "in one spirit/Spirit" occurs also in 1 Cor 12:13, where it is clearly Spirit, and Phil 1:27, where most (except NIV) take it as spirit. The cross references for Eph 2:18 cite John 4:34, which may give a hint as to their thinking. But it also cites 1 Cor 12:13, which doesn't really fit as a cross reference with this rendering. I'll send it along to Tom Schreiner for reconsideration this summer.
I'm told that this is likely a mistake, and it will be fixed soon. Thanks for flagging it for us.

The committees will be meeting again this summer, so if you have other issues you would like us to look at, let me know.
 

SolaScriptura

Puritanboard Brimstone
What the folks in charge of the CSB need to do is get that version incorporated into curriculum and literature for more than just LifeWay products.
 

C. M. Sheffield

Puritan Board Senior
is pneuma actually capitalized in the earliest papyri?

Everything is! :lol:

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Taylor

Puritan Board Senior
In any case, it wasn't capitalized in the sense of specialing it out.
That's not necessarily true. While there may not have been capitalization of proper nouns in the earliest papyri, there was a way to "special out" certain names and nouns: nomina sacra. I went to the website for The Center for the Study of New Testament Manuscripts, and it just so happens that I found a 2nd-3rd century papyrus that contained Eph. 2:18, and "πνεύματι" is condensed to a nomen sacrum, effectively "capitalizing" it. See the image below. The nomen sacrum is ΠΝΙ (short for ΠΝ-εύματ-Ι) with a line over it.
 

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Jack K

Puritan Board Professor
What the folks in charge of the CSB need to do is get that version incorporated into curriculum and literature for more than just LifeWay products.

I recently edited a book for a publisher other than LifeWay. The author (who is baptistic but not Southern Baptist) wanted to use the CSB, so that's what we used. I suspect this will happen more often as more churches discover the CSB. It's a conservative-pedigree alternative to the NIV, and some churches have become uncomfortable with the NIV's 2011 revision.

In books, the choice of translation is usually up to the author, especially if the publisher has no proprietary translation. So other than being patient and letting the translation grow on people, there's not a whole lot LifeWay can do to get it used in other books. The CSB's appeal does seem to be limited (though surely also helped) by its reputation as a Southern Baptist thing.
 
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