Daniel Cawdrey on right and wrong Sabbath recreations

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NaphtaliPress

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XXIII. Secondly, They are therefore our own works that are forbidden; which, what they are, may be perceived by the opposition of God's works: Such works, as are neither works of piety, nor charity, nor tending thereunto, are properly our own, and then unlawful. And this the Commandment doth import, Six days shalt thou labour, and do all (thy) work: In it (the Sabbath) thou shalt do no manner of work: namely, thy own, the ordinary and unnecessary works of thy calling, used and permitted on the week days. So Tertullian long ago understood it. {Dicendo Tuum, de humano opere definiit, quod quisque ex arctificio, vel negotio suo exequitur. Contr. Marc. 1.4. c. 12.}

This is then the sum, All our own works, be they servile, or ingenious, toilsome, or easy, are here forbidden, as impediments of the Sab|37|bath's sanctification; This is the general. The particulars instanced in the Scripture, of plowing sowing, reaping, &c. are but comments of this text, and specials of this general.

2. But beside these, there are other works of pleasure, some of which, though perhaps delightful, are as toilsome to the body, as some works of labour; and some of them of greater distractions of the mind from the service of God, than most labours are: and therefore are in that respect, as impediments of God's service, confessedly prohibited in the fourth Commandment. Not expressly indeed, but first by implication, as thy works, opposed to God's works: And secondly, by consequence and conclusion; both as equal, if not greater impediments to the publick and private sanctification of the day: And then thirdly à minore ad majus; If honest labour be forbidden, much more honest recreations; for recreation is but the means to prepare and fit men for labour; therefore if labour, which is the end of recreation, be forbidden; much more recreation, which is but the means to labour. And indeed (which may be added) Recreation is a week day's work, as well as labour; Six days shalt thou labour, and do all that thou hast to do: But moderate Recreation is a work we have to do on the week-days, otherwise we are cruel to ourselves and ours. There is indeed, a spiritual Recreation, which is an holy joy, rejoicing, delighting in God, in his services, in his ordinances, &c. and this is the Recreation not only permitted, but required on the Sabbath, Isaiah 58 and is (as we may so say) the Spirituality of this 4th commandment. And this the Jews themselves understood to be the right manner of sanctification of the Sabbath: So Philo tells us: Moses (Lib. 3. de vita Moses) ordained that all his Commonwealth, following therein the course of nature, should spend the seventh day, in Festival, or cheerful delights, resting therein from all their works: Yet not to spend it, as some do, in laughter, childish sports, or (as the Romans did their time of publick feastings) in beholding the activity, either of the Jester, or common dancers, &c. Yea, it is confessed by some of their own, that recreations and sports, were forbidden the Jews on their Sabbath (where but in the fourth Commandment?) God (says one [Primr. p. 258. S. 20]) commanded a most exact and strict cessation from all works, |38| which other-where he calleth servile works, that is, appertaining to their temporary and ordinary callings, either for profit, or for Recreation, &c. The like is said by another [B. of E. 252] (though otherwhere he deny it) The Jews' own works, pleasures, wills and words, were such as were repugnant to the positive Law of the Sabbath, then in force. And now we proceed in the exposition of the next words. Daniel Cawdrey and Herbert Palmer, Sabbatum Redivivum: or The Christian Sabbath Vindicated (London: 1645, pts 2-4, 1652 by Cawdrey alone) 2.36-38.
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Reformed Covenanter

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Thanks for sharing, Chris. The book may be read on-line here.

John Cotton also made a similar point about work and recreation: John Cotton on the fourth commandment | Reformed Covenanter

Before anyone tries to play the "Continental Sabbath" card, here are some quotes to the contrary:

Martin Bucer on the prohibition of recreation on the Sabbath | Reformed Covenanter

Johannes Wollebius and the so-called Continental Sabbath | Reformed Covenanter

Henry Bullinger on the so-called Continental Sabbath | Reformed Covenanter
 

NaphtaliPress

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Yea; I have the whole of the Cawdrey/Palmer typed up for editing but when someone puts the whole up like this it sort of dampens the enthusiasm to put any time (and it would be significant time given the isze of the work) into the text; so that project has been on the back burner.
 
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