Definition of General Equity in light of the Mosaic Law.

Discussion in 'The Law of God' started by PuritanCovenanter, Jan 9, 2013.

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  1. PuritanCovenanter

    PuritanCovenanter Moderator Staff Member

    For years I have truly appreciated Sherman Isbell's 'The Divine Law of Political Israel Expired: General Equity', and have stumbled onto something else recently that I haven't thought all the way through. How do we define General Equity?

    Justice tempered by love is an addition to the text and an implant by the author I believe.

    In the portion below it is affirmed that the moral law has sprinkling elements through the civil and ceremonial laws. I recently read a small snippet that defined general equity. It is a quote taken from Calvin that I wonder about. Especially the part "justice tempered by love" in brackets. I believe the author added that based upon some contrived understanding. I just don't know where it comes from. Did Calvin really mean that? It doesn't look like it is a quote from Calvin but an implant to define equity according to the author's thinking.

    My questions are..
    (1). Is Calvin being made to say something he didn't say? Is equity Justice tempered by love?
    (2). If we are to define all law by equity and that equity must be the goal and rule and limit of all laws, How do we define this equity and how do we base our understanding on it from the decalogue alone? Is equity defined in the Decalogue alone?

    I admit that I am still wondering where the definition for equity being defined as justice tempered by love comes from. I am just wondering. I am not saying it doesn't mean that. I just didn't know that.
     
    Last edited: Jan 9, 2013
  2. earl40

    earl40 Puritan Board Post-Graduate

    Good questions. Richard should be of help here. In context of your question I would like to ask if the command to not murder, which is a creation and a decalogue oridance, should we punish with the temperment of love also? This of course is with the abortion in mind.
     
  3. NaphtaliPress

    NaphtaliPress Administrator Staff Member

    Randy, you need to fix the quotaiton marks to distinquish between Calvin's words and the author in question. As for the source, I believe it is from book 3 of the Harmony Exo-Deut, p. 126, 128.
     
  4. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    Not necessarily.

    By the very situation of the New Testament Church being at different stages in different lands, there may be a degree of flexibility or freedom in this area. Even Rushdoony said that an unevangelised country didn't call for "theonomy" but evangelism.

    When the death penalty under Moses was linked to the altar and when it could be commuted to a ransom, it can be seen that even under the Mosaic law it was being used in a typological and exemplary way. The death penalties under the Mosaic law were "added" to the one given in Genesis 9.

    Books such as the one by Poythress show some of the kind of general lessons that can be garnered from the civil law.
     
  5. earl40

    earl40 Puritan Board Post-Graduate

    Richard, Not to derail Randy and his thread, which Chris seemed to answer. :) I see where the death penalty was added to various offences committed. My question was should we continue the death penalty to mothers and the "DR." for the murder of unborn children in your opinion. I ask because in Gen 9 the penalty prescribed is death, which is before the establishment of Israel and the judicial law.
     
  6. PuritanCovenanter

    PuritanCovenanter Moderator Staff Member

    Concerning the Galatians 3:19 quote I would like to add that the Law of Moses did something other than expose sin. It was put there to expose Christ also. The one thing that the Law also does that many people neglect to see is it revealed the expiation and propitiation for sin. For some reason a lot of people have relegated the law to only identify sin and condemnation. The Law that was given through Moses also starts identifying the Lamb of God that takes away the sin of the world and also renews the inner man for obedience and blessing. So many people would understand this more if they heard the Psalms more often. That is something that is left out a lot by theologians. In other words, the Law was added because of Transgression because man was sinful. Man is self justifying. The Law was added so that man could be reconciled and walk with God.

    Wow, I like the Douay-Rheims here. I like the word pedagogue in the translation.
     
  7. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    I can't think why the death penalty wouldn't apply to abortion, which is a form of murder, in a well-ordered state.
     
  8. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    Yes. The Gospel of Christ is right through the ceremonial law, but it's also in the moral law and judicial law, just as in the NT the exposition of God's moral standards and the threatening of His wrath are part and parcel of the Gospel.
     
    Last edited: Jan 9, 2013
  9. earl40

    earl40 Puritan Board Post-Graduate

    In the "temperament of love" towards God for he has created man in His image. I thank you for all your replies for you are helping me read how general equity is applied to some circumstances and others not. Fascinating reading. Your example of how Paul extorted the church about the man having the relationship with his mother nailed it for me to not become a theonomist. Thanx again.
     
  10. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

    I forgot I mentioned that.

    There's a fuller and better exposition here half-way down:
    Theonomy
     
  11. PuritanCovenanter

    PuritanCovenanter Moderator Staff Member

    Can someone help me find this? It might be in reference to Usury? I am having problems locating it.
     
  12. Peairtach

    Peairtach Puritan Board Doctor

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