John 6:44: Who is raised up on the last day?


Puritan Board Freshman
John 6:44 - No one can come to me unless the Father who sent me draws him. And I will raise him up on the last day.

Is Jesus saying that all of those who are drawn by the Father will be raised on the last day (thus only the elect are drawn), or is the 'him' who is raised up referring to anyone (thus the drawing is universal and the invitation to be raised up is for all)?

David Taylor

Puritan Board Freshman
This is part of an overall greater portion of the passage talking about who will and who will not come to Christ. Only those granted by the Father will come. This is a great example of Sovereign Election and it comes from the teaching of the Savior Himself. Further, it shows 37 that all those who are given will come demonstrating irresistible grace.

But yes, verse 44, the ones being raised up on the last day are the elect, those chosen by the Father to give to the Son.


Puritan Board Sophomore
And I will raise him up on the last day.

I would add that the cultural context of that era would always utilize the masculine to refer to humanity. But humanity would only come if they are drawn by the father. So you shouldn't think that he is referring to himself with the pronoun him. If it truly was himself he would have phrased the wording differently. In addition to that, if you break down the greek...

44 οὐδεὶς δύναται ἐλθεῖν πρός ⸀με ἐὰν μὴ ὁ πατὴρ ⸆ ὁ πέμψας με ἑλκύσῃ αὐτόν,* κἀγὼ ἀναστήσω αὐτὸν °ἐν τῇ ἐσχάτῃ ἡμέρᾳ.

Daily Dose of Greek does a good job explaining here... Daily Dose of Greek - John 6:44

The final portion is a great statement because it says that "I will raise him". You can't get past the fact that Jesus is making a claim of divinity here. There is a saying that if the bible was the ocean and you took a cup of ocean water out you would notice that salt is pervasive throughout. It's just as pervasive in the same way that Jesus' divinity is pervasive in the scriptures. So Jesus saying I will raise can only be talking about the ones who are drawn by the father.