I read Matthew 25 tonight as part of my 6 month Bible reading plan. I remember years ago having a book that provided Roman Catholic responses to Protestant teachings (I am an ex-Romanist), and the first passage quoted to "prove" that salvation is by works was Matthew 25:31-46. What would the Reformed response be to this? My ESV Study Bible states that the righteous will inherit the kingdom not because of their righteous works but because their rigtheousness comes from their hearts which have been transformed by Jesus' proclamation of the kingdom. I can't see that this is inferred from the passage, which seems to be quite vague.