Featured Re: Did Rushdoony have a 'Nestorian Nod'?

Discussion in 'Church History' started by Charles Johnson, Mar 14, 2019 at 7:01 PM.

  1. Charles Johnson

    Charles Johnson Puritan Board Freshman

    On Sept. 3, 2018, we had a thread called "Did Rushdoony have a 'Nestorian Nod'?". The basic premise of the OP was that Rushdoony had said somewhere that it is properly the divinity and not the humanity of Christ that is the object of worship. I just came across a quote on the topic from Rutherford's Examen Arminianismi so I'm posting it here. My Latin is utter garbage, so I'm posting the Latin text first for the sake of anyone who knows Latin better than me, and then my own translation. My apologies to anyone with any love for Latin or decent translations.
    Hebr. 1.6
    Et adorent cum, omnes Angeli Dei.
    Quaeritur, An Christus, qua homo, adoretur; & qua homo, sit formale objectum adorationis? Ajunt Remonstr. c. 16.134.
    Nos negamus. 1. Quia nulla creatura, sed solus Deus, est adorandus. Deut. 6.13. Mt. 4.10. At Christus homo, seu Christi humanitas est creatura; & adoratio est gloria Dei propia, quam alteri Deus dare non vult. Isa. 42.8.
    2. Quia Christi Humanitas, Idolum non est.
    3. Quia Arianis & Socinianis favet, argumentum nobis eripere, quo probamus Christum esse verum Deum, eo quod adorent eum, omnes Angeli. Heb. 1.6.

    Hebr. 1.6 And let all the angels of God worship him.
    It is asked, Whether Christ, as a man, is worshiped, and as a man, is formally the object of worship? Adjunct Remonstr. c. 16.134.
    We deny, 1. Because no creature, but only God, is worshiped. Deut. 6.13 . Mt. 4.10. But Christ the man, or Christ's humanity, is created; and worship is properly the glory of God, which he does not desire to be given to another. Isa. 42.8.
    2. Because Christ's humanity is not an idol.
    3. Because they encourage the Arians and Socinians to snatch our argument from us by which we prove Christ to be true God, according to which [it is said] let all the angels praise him. Heb. 1.6.
     
    Last edited: Mar 14, 2019 at 7:13 PM
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  2. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    If I am reading Samuel Rutherford correctly, he is saying that we worship the God-man on account of his deity, not on account of his humanity.
     
  3. Charles Johnson

    Charles Johnson Puritan Board Freshman

    I agree.
     
  4. alexandermsmith

    alexandermsmith Puritan Board Freshman

    It's the person we worship, no?
     
  5. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    Yes would have to be the answer to that question; otherwise, we would be Nestorians. To say that we worship the divine nature, but not the person of Christ would imply that Christ is two persons, not one person with two natures. I think what Samuel Rutherford is getting at is that we worship the person who is God and man on account of him being divine. Yet because he is both God and man it is appropriate that he received worship in his human nature.
     
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  6. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    Keep working on your Latin, brother, as there is a ton of Reformed literature (some of it from Scottish and English divines, never mind the continentals) that needs to be translated out of Latin. I say that as one who is useless at languages.
     
  7. SeanPatrickCornell

    SeanPatrickCornell Puritan Board Freshman

    As has been alluded to above, the crux of the matter is this:

    Is worship something that is due a person, or is worship something due a nature?

    I would assert that worship is due a person, and not a nature.

    But, the worship due to Jesus Christ, the God-Man, is on account of His divinity, not to His divinity.

    Therefore, we worship the WHOLE person of Christ, (Godhood and manhood united), for the sake of the Godhood.
     
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  8. Charles Johnson

    Charles Johnson Puritan Board Freshman

    Can anyone offer clarification on how the personal inmutability of Christ relates to this?
     
  9. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    The divine nature doesn't suffer passions, so when Christ suffered, it was in his human nature. Yet it wasn't the human nature doing the suffering, but the divine Person.
     
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  10. SeanPatrickCornell

    SeanPatrickCornell Puritan Board Freshman

    That wording though... I don't think it's quite cricket to ever say "the divine Person" with regard to Christ. That seems to suggest that there is a Divine person and also a Human person. There is one person.

    I could be persuaded otherwise though, with careful arguments.
     
  11. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    Chalcedonian theology 101. Divine person. No human person, just human nature assumed alongside divine person (which itself includes a divine nature).
     
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  12. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    Americans know nothing about cricket. ;)
     
  13. Charles Johnson

    Charles Johnson Puritan Board Freshman

    So with regards to worship and prayer, would it be accurate to say that worship is given to Christ the eternal, immutable divine person, though not by way of separation or abstraction from his humanity, which is inseparable from his person?
     
  14. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    Yeah. Persons, not natures, receive worship. That's what Rushdoony got hung up on. He abstracted the nature from the person, and that's why he was charged as a Nestorian. Natures can't be abstracted.
     
  15. Shanny01

    Shanny01 Puritan Board Freshman

    I don't have it with me but I found Owen's discussion of the nature and causes of the Worship owed to Christ as the God-Man in his Christologia to be most beneficial.
     
    Last edited: Mar 15, 2019 at 2:34 PM
  16. SeanPatrickCornell

    SeanPatrickCornell Puritan Board Freshman

    I wouldn't jump to judgment. ;)
     
  17. SeanPatrickCornell

    SeanPatrickCornell Puritan Board Freshman

    I'll buy that.

     
  18. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    I would. ;)
     
  19. Andrew35

    Andrew35 Puritan Board Freshman

    Learned and played it in college with my South African friends. :judge:
     
  20. jwithnell

    jwithnell Moderator Staff Member

    This makes sense.
     
  21. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    It's not Chalcedonian. It's a confusion of persons and natures. It is a Divine person with two natures.
     
  22. jwithnell

    jwithnell Moderator Staff Member

    Hmmmm. I'll think on this since that council addressed serious issues. My concern stems from trying to pry the full humanity and divinity of Christ apart. Precise language is critical here though we'll not likely fully understand the concepts.
     
  23. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    3 Divine Persons in the Trinity. THerefore, the Logos was a divine person who in the incarnation assumed a human nature alongside his divine nature, yet never ceasing to be a divine person.

    The root of every patristic heresy was a confusion of person and nature
     
  24. SeanPatrickCornell

    SeanPatrickCornell Puritan Board Freshman

    I wasn't intending to say anything different than this.

    My entire point is that we do not direct worship to a "nature", we direct it to a "person". Christ is ONE PERSON to whom we direct worship. The reason why we direct worship to Christ, despite Him having a human nature, is because He has a divine nature.

    We worship the Person because of the Nature. We don't worship the Nature.

    Is this wrong?
     
  25. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    As long as you maintain the Person is a divine person, you are good.
     
  26. SeanPatrickCornell

    SeanPatrickCornell Puritan Board Freshman

    Right, but the part you sought to correct someone else on wasn't related to that. It was a separate point.
     
  27. JimmyH

    JimmyH Puritan Board Junior

    Be that as it may... is it fair to say that Rushdoony got himself into a 'sticky wicket' ? :)
     
  28. BayouHuguenot

    BayouHuguenot Puritan Board Doctor

    Was it connected to whether worship should be offered to the human nature or the Person?

    My point was that Rushdoony separated the natures in practice. While he might have been correct to say that worship is offered to the person, he said other things, too.
    https://tentsofshem.wordpress.com/2016/07/05/the-recons-flee-defeated-on-christology/
     
  29. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    From the article: "the grace and glory of being united to the dinive nature of the Logos ..." "But if someone labors hard in Syriac and such,t hen they probably are." "Because I don’t see you really keeping up with te arguments."
     
  30. Reformed Covenanter

    Reformed Covenanter Puritan Board Doctor

    I came across something in James Durham that is of relevance to this discussion:

    That the Mediator is the Object of Divine Worship, is fixedly to be acknowledge; even the Man Christ, is to be honoured with Divine Worship, prayed unto, etc. as in Scripture is clear. Thus the Mediator is the material object of Divine Worship, or the Objectum quod: for, we worship and invocate Him who is the Mediator; and there is no question of this.

    James Durham, A Commentary upon the Book of the Revelation (1658; Willow Street PA: Old Paths Publications, 2000), p. 15.
     

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