I’m interested in the civil realm, since that’s the context of the question. You mention “general equity,” so is your (c) derived from Scripture, or is this a natural law argument? And are you saying that the civil magistrate may not impose some other punishment, e.g., capital punishment, in the case of adultery. This isn’t about theonomy per se, so I won’t address your characterizations. ---------- Post added at 06:15 PM ---------- Previous post was at 06:05 PM ---------- Every state is a theocracy of some form. Arguments to the contrary are fictions. Therefore, death may still be an appropriate form of civil punishment for the crime of adultery. Paul is not addressing that issue in 1 Corinthians, although he does seem to address it in Romans 1:28-32. The Church is not the state and does not bear the sword of civil justice. Church discipline is not appropriate for the civil magistrate. The two complement one another.