Referring to the Groningen Theology’s view of religious divisions and church history, Herman Bavinck stated that it subscribed to the following idea: And at the present juncture the Jacoban Church of Jewish congregations, the Petrine Church of Rome, the Pauline Church of Protestantism are destined to pass into the Johannine Church of the future. Herman Bavinck, ‘Recent Dogmatic Thought in the Netherlands’, trans. Geerhardus Vos in Presbyterian and Reformed Review, 3, no. 10 (1892), p. 214. I recall Philip Schaff making a similar statement in the first volume of his History of the Christian Church. Did Schaff get this idea from the Groningen Theology?