If the Church is not neglected today, it is often idolized; if Church authority is not disregarded, it is frequently turned absolute.
The Biblical and historically presbyterian position is that Church authority is conditional, and can only confirm the truth and what is good; it binds only...
One of the main aims of Church discipline, which should also be the aim of all Christians, is to seek the peace and purity of Christ’s Church.
It is not always readily clear however, what that principle calls for in particular situations; and the phrase is often readily misused by those who...
The topic of scandal may seem obscure, until one finds oneself in the midst of dealing with one; scandals, in fact, are all around us.
Where does one go for help? Until now there has not been an abundance of reformed resources on the topic. These resources will be especially helpful for...
free christian resources
peace and purity of the church
One of the most popular generas of reformed scholasticism was Polemical Theology, which is Scriptural theology that is organized around refuting false doctrines and religions. The brilliance of the light is often most clearly seen in contrast to the darkness of error.
Little is it known that...
Not all sins are the same, nor affect the believer, and God’s grace in them, the same. Exploring the reformed material and distinctions on this new page of resources will help you to become much more acquainted with the nuances of our Lord’s will in these things.
Specifically, the Romanists...
If you have not heard already, Phase 2 of Early English Books Online has just been made publicly available on the net (ahead of schedule); the collection has over 35,000 volumes, including many reformed and puritan works. You may search Phases 1 & 2 here...
The Reformation recognized that numerous commands in Scripture were for the good-order of the Church in their given context, and were not absolutely binding, without qualification, on all times and societies.
This Scriptural category of 'Church ordinances' was a common-place in Reformation...
books of church order
culture vs ordinance
Why should a Christian read a significant portion of the apocryphal literature?
Because falsehood and deception breeds on ignorance. The Truth does not fear the unknown, or anything at all; rather, it exposes darkness for what it is. Do not found your faith on ignorance. Have you found God’s...
After the joys of Thanksgiving may we be "continuing instant in prayer". (Rom. 12:12)
I hope these many resources that have been collected from the best literature on prayer in reformed history stir us up to be continually conversing with our beloved God;
and I hope the collection may be of...
The Jesuit Robert Bellarmine (d. 1621) was the most important apologist in all of Church history for the Romanist Church. Responses to his works numbered into the several hundreds.
As Bellarmine's volumes of disputations covered most doctrines of the Christian faith in an orderly way, so full...
Greetings brethren and fellow PBer's,
There is a new translation of never-before-translated sections of Samuel Rutherford's Examen Arminianismi available now on Reformed Books Online. The work is a systematic examination and refutation of the teachings of the Remonstrant Arminians and it tends...
While maintaining justification by faith alone, the Reformed have historically answered this question: Yes.
Many historic reformed resources are linked on the below webpage on this issue, including many in Latin from Reformed Orthodoxy with numerous quotes from those works translated.
Two well known Christians have recently left Christianity, in part citing as a reason contradictions in the Bible. If Christianity is a farce, or is true, it is better to find out now rather than later.
One of the most notable and difficult seeming discrepancies in the New Testament is that Mk...
Some of the early puritans refused to wear wedding rings as Romanism in their day had caused wedding rings to bear a commonly superstitious meaning. To wear them was to affirm that meaning, and was hence scandalous. Some persons today teach that it is wrong to wear wedding rings.
I am humbled and thankful to God to be able to present to you a webpage of most of the major whole New Testament Commentaries (or the majority thereof, 75+) in Latin throughout Church history which have been preserved and are on the net.
The titles have been translated into English.
What day was Christ crucified on?
The answer greatly affects how one understands the events and flow of Christ’s whole Last Week, which events form a significant share of the Gospels. The issue will be of very practical import to preachers who preach through Christ's Last Week.
Here is every major whole Bible commentary in Latin through Church history (which has survived, is commonly referenced in the secondary literature and is on the net): 38 total, including those of the puritans. The titles are translated into English.
If you have not begun learning Latin yet...
What is theology? Can we meaningfully speak of God? What method ought one to go about in learning or setting forth all of theology? How do faith and reason relate?
These are the sorts of questions that Prolegomena (before-speaking) asks and answers. On every front modern theology (and much of...
According to Scripture, may Christians eat or drink blood and strangled animals?
Gen. 9 prohibited it, as well as the apostolic council of Jerusalem in Acts 15.
Yet the nearly universal answer of the Reformed Church during the Reformation and Puritan eras was 'Yes'. Find out the plethora of...
When Does the Sabbath Begin?
In the most comprehensive treatment to-date on the subject, I argue in this academic article from Scripture that the Sabbath has always been from dawn-to-dawn since Creation throughout the Bible, without exception.
Fentiman, Travis – The Biblical Sabbath...
Scripture says, "Quench not the Spirit." (1 Thess. 5:19)
Yet how many times have we done this? And how liable are we to doing it?
May we cultivate fruit from the motions of the Spirit in us. This sermon by Jeremiah Dyke, an English puritan (d. 1620) will help us do exactly that.
This is one...
Communion tokens (paper or metal) were used by the reformers and puritans of old for the elders to confirm that persons coming to Christ in the Supper had made adequate preparation thereunto (1 Cor. 11:27-32; 2 Cor. 13:5; etc.) in the sight of the Church.
Resources on this indifferent, though...
It was said of the Scottish reformers that:
“The ministers that were took not their pattern from any Kirk in the world, no, not from Geneva itself; but, laying God’s Word before them, made reformation according thereunto…”
John Row 1637
History of the Kirk of Scotland, p. 12
history of worship
purity of worship
scottish church history
scottish metrical version
Why does the minister close the worship service with an inspired Benediction, standing with up-lifted hands facing God’s people?
Here is a page of Biblical and historic, reformed resources on the Benediction, a practice not so easy to find resources on.
The Benediction at ReformedBooksOnline...
Ought we to give 10% of our income to the Lord via the Church, or tithe?
The modern discussion has been clouded by anti-nomianism on the one hand (that God's moral law does not oblige us) and fundamentalism on the other, with a 'literal' and simplistic hermeneutic of the Bible.
Free is better than not-free. Here is the harvest of Greek dictionaries available online (both classical and for the New Testament), to help you understand and love God's Word more.
Greek Dictionaries - ReformedBooksOnline
If you don't know Greek, how are you going to read God's Word as He...
Need dictionaries for Biblical Hebrew?
Here is what's on the net, with some recommendations of contemporary works for purchase, including theological dictionaries on the Old Testament:
Biblical Hebrew Dictionaries - ReformedBooksOnline
We are to only worship God, and yet Jesus, a man, was worshipped in his earthly ministry. How is this so? The answer is that we worship Jesus, the God-man Mediator, not insofar as He is a creature, but insofar as his Person is God.
This precious jewel of theology is argued by the reformed...
What is to be made of Presumptive Regeneration (PR), which has become so popular in the modern, Reformed Church?
Jesus told Nicodemus, who was a teacher in Israel and externally in the Covenant in good standing, “You must be born again.” (Jn. 3:7)
It is largely not known that the classical era...
For beginners and scholars alike, here is a massive collection of resources on Scottish Church history, organized by the time period.
Apart from researching a dissertation, it will probably have everything you need to answer just about every question you may have about Scottish...
church of scotland
free church of scotland
marrow of modern divinity
new light and old light
scottish church history
united presbyterian church