Christianity and logic

Discussion in 'Apologetical Methods' started by Scott, May 9, 2006.

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  1. Scott

    Scott Puritan Board Graduate

    Laura: The good news is that scientists have it all figured out: see here. ;)
  2. Magma2

    Magma2 Puritan Board Sophomore

    Why not? Why can't the law of contradiction, excluded middle not to mention identity be eternal? God did after all tell Moses to tell the people that "I Am" has sent him which is as good an expression of the law of identity as any I can think of.

    Seems to me that you are confusing logical sequence with temporal sequence.

    How do you know? So God doesn't know the implication of any premise since you say there are no premises in God's thought? How can that be?

    How do these different levels apply to the law of contradiction for example? Does LC apply to men but not to God? Is that what you're saying?
  3. Scott

    Scott Puritan Board Graduate

    It is more than language. I can't conceive a time not being. I think Bahnsen made a point like this in his series on Revelation.

    BTW, I am not saying affirming one position or another. I just don't know how to think about what it mean for time to have a starting point.
  4. LadyFlynt

    LadyFlynt Puritan Board Doctor

    Thank you...we just studied this question in afternoon class at church a coupld of weeks seemed to apply, but wanted to make certain I was making the right connection.
  5. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    Heb 13:8 Jesus Christ is the same yesterday and today and forever.

    Do you really think God "thinks" in succession? That He - anthropomorphically speaking - sits around and rationalizes out things before acting, contemplating premises and conclusions, avoiding fallacious thought, etc? God's thinking simply IS. There is no process to it. This is common Reformed and Christian Dogmatic theology.

    If you still find me to be unScriptural (by implication of your statement above, which is most uncharitable), then so be it. I'm simply using Philosophy and Reformed Dogmatics in order to articulate my position, which is of course founded on the revelation of Holy Scripture. Otherwise, I wouldn't be propagating it, unless you find me to be a "dangerous" thinker.

  6. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    Can you show me where Time exists? What is it? Can you buy it at the store? That is what I'm getting at.
  7. Magma2

    Magma2 Puritan Board Sophomore

    Again, in my opinion you confuse temporal succession with logical order. Does God immediately (hopefully this immediately makes you feel better) know every implication to every premise and is the architecture of His mind logic or is it not? I would think it would have to be if God can said to be the truth. But it seems to me that based on what you've said God is beyond logic, hence it would follow that God is not a rational being. in my opinion there are many problematic implications to such a position and while it's not particularly "dangerous" it just doesn't make much sense nor does it have any biblical warrant that I know of. I'm just asking you to rethink your position. If you're just unwilling, that's fine with me too.
  8. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate

    Here you are confusing time with logic. A logical order does not imply a chronological order. True that there is not process with regards to time in God's thought, but there is a logical order to it. His Covenantal nature implies as much. But just because God thinks logically does not mean that he has to go about a "œprocess" like we do. It simply means that the he thinks with a logical effect as his "œpurpose." God has purpose for his creation. He never acts without an intended result. This too implies logical deduction.

    I believe you are jumping the gun in calling my statement "uncharitable." I am simply asking you to back up your beliefs using scripture! That's not too much to ask is it? Relying on Berkhof isn't enough, unless you can show Berkhof is what scripture teaches as well.

    Understanding also implies logical thought.

    Other passages of God reasoning:

    Exo 9:16 "But indeed for this purpose I have raised you up, that I may show My power in you, and that My name may be declared in all the earth.

    Job 42:2 "I know that You can do everything, And that no purpose of Yours can be withheld from You.

    Ecc 3:1 To everything there is a season, A time for every purpose under heaven:

    Ecc 3:17 I said in my heart, "God shall judge the righteous and the wicked, For there is a time there for every purpose and for every work."

    Isa 1:18 "Come now, and let us reason together," Says the LORD, "Though your sins are like scarlet, They shall be as white as snow; Though they are red like crimson, They shall be as wool.

    Rom 1:26 For this reason God gave them up to vile passions. For even their women exchanged the natural use for what is against nature.

    2Th 2:11 And for this reason God will send them strong delusion, that they should believe the lie,

    Heb 2:11 For both He who sanctifies and those who are being sanctified are all of one, for which reason He is not ashamed to call them brethren,

    Heb 9:15 And for this reason He is the Mediator of the new covenant, by means of death, for the redemption of the transgressions under the first covenant, that those who are called may receive the promise of the eternal inher
  9. Scott

    Scott Puritan Board Graduate

    Technically, I think the quote reads to the effect of "yes, no one has an answer for a simple question." :)
  10. Scott

    Scott Puritan Board Graduate

    I don't follow. I am not saying time is physical.
  11. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate

    What does purpose mean if not thinking syllogistically?
  12. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate

    Can God be illogical?
    If not, must God then conform to something outside of himself?
    What "something" would that be?
    Is logic part of the image of God in man?
    If so, then can "logic" be considered an anthropomorphism?

    These are questions that need consideration. :scholar:
  13. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate

  14. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate

    If God thinks in a logical fashion, then did God really create it? I am in agreement with the latter portion of the statement, but not the former.
  15. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    I never said God didn't "reason" or that He was "illogical." He just does so in a different way than we do, with succession and so forth. His "reasoning" is immediate and eternal. He doesn't contemplate, etc.
  16. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    Exactly my point. Thank you. God purposes, and He reasons and is reason-able, but He does not think in either Logical OR Temporal succession, nor does He think in premise-conclusion fashion, nor does He "wait around" for a situation to present itself before He "thinks about it." All that God knows is eternal, and His reasonable-ness is eternal. The Logic that came forth in the creation and which man has "discovered" over time, including people like Aristotle, etc., is the rationality and logic of God brought into "temporality" or our perception of such. God does not think Logically in the same way we think Logically. Both God and man can be (in God's case always IS) logical, but not in the same way or by the same means or process.

    God's reasonable-ness is eternal, infinite, immediate, while man's is successive, finite, and limited by our lack of omnipotence.
  17. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    Of course He created the Logic we use, because He doesn't think Logically in the same manner as men. It was not a necessity for the Trinity in eternity prior to the creation of all things to have syllogisms or premises and conclusions. All thought in and within the Godhead is eternal and immediate.
  18. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate

    I think I would agree with everything you've said here. I agree that God does not go through a process of learning conclusions from their premises. That being said, I think his thought is perfectly logical. If this is what you say, then I think we agree. :handshake:
  19. Don

    Don Puritan Board Freshman

    It seems to me that two different things are being discussed: laws of logic as laws and applying the laws of logic to our thinking.

    I would say that God does not need to do the latter in the manner that Gabe was speaking (premises, conclusions, etc) since he knows everything immediately. But would you guys say that God created the law of noncontradiction itself?
  20. BaptistCanuk

    BaptistCanuk Puritan Board Sophomore

    Hey Don, I don't know if God "created" the law of non-contradiction itself. I think it just "is". Logic and the laws of logic just "exist" in the same way math exists. It may not have been created as much as it was discovered. It's just a byproduct of an orderly universe, I think.
  21. Jeff_Bartel

    Jeff_Bartel Puritan Board Graduate


    I tend to agree with your assessment. Thanks. :handshake:
  22. Magma2

    Magma2 Puritan Board Sophomore

    Are you saying avalid argument for men may be invalid for God and visa versa? 2+2=4 for men, but for God it might be 11?
  23. Magma2

    Magma2 Puritan Board Sophomore

    I wouldn't. LC is part and parcel of the architecture or structure of God's mind and as such LC is uncreated. A is eternally A and not non A. God is the Lord God of Truth so how could it be otherwise?
  24. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    As far as the "laws" of Logic, I believe God "created" those as part of the temporal, corporeal creation, as immaterial, transcendental universals which man subsequently "discovered" through the reason which God projected into the minds of men in that creation.
  25. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    Sorry I was unclear. :handshake:
  26. Magma2

    Magma2 Puritan Board Sophomore

    So then is it your view that the laws of logic (not sure why you put law in quotes) apply to man and not to God? Am I understanding you correctly? If I am, then why call the laws of logic "transcendental universals"?
  27. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    The "laws" of Logic apply to man, because we think according to those laws, or at least should. The reason they don't "apply" to God is because God's rationality is different than ours, as finite men. We think with succession, and in a finite manner, while God's thoughts are immediate, eternal. God does not need to "rationalize" something, using the "laws of logic" because God IS reason. The "laws" of Logic are what is communicated to us from God in Creation, so that we, as His creatures, can attempt to think rationally as God thinks, but in a different manner (that is, finite and with succession). Rationality is a communicable attribute, but, as with the others, it is communicated to us in a way that is different than how God employs such.

    I call the laws of logic transcendental universals because ... they are universal and transcendent. I'm not sure what you mean by this. They are immaterial and are given to us by God. However, we are not on the same "level" as God, roughly speaking. So, no matter what is communicated to us by God, it is not going to be the "same thing" to us as it is to God, on a finite level. Applied to this discussion: God is rational. Man is rational. God is not rational in the same MANNER that man is, because God is eternal and man is finite.
  28. Magma2

    Magma2 Puritan Board Sophomore

    That was certainly my hope Paul, but given Gabe's recent follow ups I'm not convinced that you are correct.
  29. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

  30. WrittenFromUtopia

    WrittenFromUtopia Puritan Board Graduate

    P1: God uses logic.
    P2: God created man in His image.
    .: Man uses the logic of God.

    I think this is what Sean's position would be, but I'm not sure.

    I'm saying:

    P1: God is eternal, and all He does and is is therefore to be understood as eternal and "immediate."
    P2: God created man after His image, but man is finite.
    P3: God is logical.
    .: Man is logical, after the image of God, but in a finite manner.
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